Natural disasters in the form of drought in some regions and torrential rain - in other can greatly damage the performance yield farmland in Russia this year. Ministry of Agriculture has announced that adjusts forecast cereal harvest after assessing damage from drought, and government areas count the losses and compensation for withered crops.
Several regions have already imposed an emergency. Heat triggers and the emergence of large forest fires.
The unusually hot, cloudless weather, pleasing residents of European countries, has become a disaster for Agriculture, which considers the loss.
By the end of June, a severe drought recorded in Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Mari El, Chuvashia, Mordovia, Udmurtia, and, in Orenburg, Volgograd, Samara, Saratov, Ulyanovsk and Kurgan areas. Another two dozen other regions indicated the so-called moderate drought. Total in Russia has already suffered from drought for more than 200 districts, more than 6.3 thousand farms, killing more than 5.3 million hectares of crops.
Ministry of Agriculture will update the forecast cereal harvest this year after a damage assessment caused by drought.
Previously, the Ministry of Agriculture forecasting the grain harvest in 2010 of 97 million tons. The same amount of grain harvested in Russia in 2009. However, in May, the Ministry of Agriculture lowered its forecast to 90 million tons.
Element forced the authorities in several regions to introduce state of emergency. In particular, the regime announced in the regions of Chelyabinsk and Saratov regions, Mordovia, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Orenburg region.
As reported on Thursday Chelyabinsk Ministry of Agriculture, the drought has achieved recognition "is already in the seven agricultural districts. According to preliminary data of district departments of agriculture, on June 30, 2010 ruined 518,000 hectares of crops, including 430,000 hectares of crops.
In Bashkortostan of the drought killed crops in the area of 1,000,000 hectares. The second attack in the region - the spread of locusts in areas Zauralye pests covered crops in the area of more than 150,000 hectares. The expected yield of forage and grain crops will be 40% of long-term averages.
The press service of the republic's government said that due to acute shortage of feed will update region of large-herd cattle on more productive.
The loss of crops the next harvest will cause significant financial damage to the regions.
Farmers Stavropol region because of drought nedoberut 14% yield grain - the volume will decrease from the projected 7 million tons to 6 million tons. As reported by RIA Novosti on Thursday by Minister of Agriculture Region Alexander Manakov, the amount of damage at the moment is with the average current price of about 3,5 thousand rubles per ton of grain - a minimum of about 3.5 - 4 billion rubles.
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heat waves and drought, which in the past few weeks, are found in some Russian regions, causing irreparable damage to crops similar situation in the Saratov region. There's power in the region estimated damage at more than 4,3 billion rubles, and talk about the death of the crop on 900 thousand hectares.
The authorities plan to allocate this area from the regional budget for the compensation cost to local farmers, "hundreds of millions of rubles".
The government of Tatarstan called the situation catastrophic, and predict crop yields decline five times - the republic annually collects at least 5 million tons of grain, and this year the expected forecast of the gross grain harvest no more than 1 million tons. Losses in agriculture in the region could reach 16 billion rubles.
Problem with bread is not expected - at the grain-enterprises and agricultural enterprises of Tatarstan has about 1,5 million tons of its own stock of grain last crop, but the cornmeal would have to " buy ". More than 1 million tons of grain of Tatarstan Ministry of Agriculture requires the intervention fund to buy Russian.
Head of Plant Department of Agrarian Policy of the Voronezh region, Alexander Kharkiv on Thursday told RIA Novosti that according to intelligence data, due to the lack of moisture in region has already lost about 110,000 hectares of spring crops (about 7-10% of the total area sown to spring). In the depressed condition of the crops of sugar beet, corn, cereals and fodder crops.
"Preservation of hot and dry weather over the next ten days could lead to massive loss of crops of spring cereals, legumes and industrial crops. According to the forecast , shortage of grain in the current year will exceed 1.5 million tonnes, "- the source said, adding that this was planned to collect about 3.5 million tons.
According to him, the damage from the death winter crops and spring crops than 3,5 billion rubles.
As a result, many agricultural companies will not meet in full its obligation to repay loans and will be on the verge of bankruptcy.
In the Caucasus, crops washed away
The damage, though much smaller, caused agriculture of the North Caucasus showers.
The greatest damage from the alleged today , caused heavy rainfall in early June of agriculture in North Ossetia.
"The total damage from the disaster for agriculture amounted to more than 113 million rubles, and about 53 million rubles to the restoration of hydro-reclamation facilities" - said the News representative government of the republic, adding that the total damage for the region is estimated at 700 million rubles. Damaged 5,000 hectares of different crops from 3.2 which killed thousands.
The damage from the rains and hail that hit Karachay-Cherkessia in late June, is estimated at 20 million rubles. In Khabezsky and Zelenchuk areas affected about two thousand hectares selhozposevov. In particular, the damage to crops of spring barley, potatoes, maize, sugar beet and potatoes, told RIA Novosti Head of mechanization and crop production of Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic Nikolai Pronoza.
Affected by the disaster and the Ust-Dzhegutinskij and Prikubansky areas Karachay -Cherkessia, where on June 28 and were heavy rains and hail. The farm "Hammer" is completely lost crops of corn, and SEC "Red Partisan affected crops of wheat and sunflower. All in all these areas of the country were affected by hail about 3 thousand hectares. Damage in the region still counts.
In Kabardino-Balkaria rains not only caused harm, but also contributed to increased yields. "Torrential rains that have passed almost all areas of the country in June, ensuring a good harvest. In this connection, the agrarians of the CBD there is every reason to get a richer harvest than last year" - RIA Novosti representative of the regional Ministry of Agriculture.
According to the ministry, this year in the Kabardino-Balkaria is planned to collect about 600 thousand tons of grains and legumes, not less than 29,000 tons of sunflower, 203,000 tonnes and more than 315,000 tons of vegetables. All these figures higher than last year.
Dagestan, Chechnya and Ingushetia droughts or downpours virtually unscathed. "So, as throughout Russia, the drought we are not affected, the damage to her practically no", - said the deputy minister of agriculture of Dagestan Bashir Baytemirov.
According to the regional Ministry of Agriculture, this year we plan to collect not less than 20 quintals of winter crops per hectare of crops, which corresponds to the last year. A total of Dagestan was planning to take a crop of wheat, barley and other winter crops over 90,000 hectares.
"In Ingushetia, then what damage and harm selhozposevam was not, but now carry out preventive measures of locusts - a field poison sprays aviation ", - told the RIA Novosti news agency the Minister of Agriculture Ingushetia Bamantgirey Mankiev.
this year in the country have planted 20,000 hectares of winter wheat with an expected yield of 25 quintals per hectare, and 6,000 acres of oats (18 quintals hectare). In addition, in the country this year, they put four times more potatoes than last year - an area of 568 hectares, which was first planted peas, soybeans, watermelon, melon, squash and various vegetables.
Saves their fields of locusts and the Astrakhan region, where the temperature does not cause any problems to farmers. According to operational data on June 30, 2010, pockets of high density locusts revealed an area of 113.8 thousand hectares. Forces farmers and specialized units are maintained protective processing of agricultural crops. Astrakhan Governor Alexander Zhilkin even offered to organize a business on the harvesting of locusts - drying, salting, icing, and export to Asian countries.
In Perm the weather does not greatly affect future harvests. The average yield falls to one quintal per hectare. If last year yield was 17 quintals per hectare, but this year will amount to approximately 16 quintals, told RIA Novosti press-secretary of Agriculture in the region Natalya Maslennikov. According to her situation in the region is not critical - the crops have suffered, but only slightly. "Besides, now there is a cooling, and moisture does not evaporate so quickly," - she said.
"Winter, perennial grasses suffered bad winter - in June was a drought ... Also in these areas could not procure food (due to dry and hot weather) - will have to buy them in the neighboring areas (Perm) "- added Maslennikov.
representative of the department of agriculture of the Government of the Yaroslavl region on Thursday, told RIA Novosti that the talk about drought in the region prematurely, as well as to make any predictions.
"In the area there was quite warm and humid weather, which do not harm the cultivated agriculture. However, the well-established hot dry weather continues, it is possible that the drought could cause the death of the crop ", - said the spokesman.
According to him, this year in planted about 51 thousand hectares of crops, little more than 3 thousand hectares of potatoes and 3.64 thousand hectares of flax.
First Deputy Director, Department of agriculture of the Kostroma region, Sergei Ivanov told RIA Novosti on Thursday that now the weather in the region not arid, and vice versa - is favorable for the crop. "We're glad the weather. For two weeks we have is the heat, but before the pouring rain, so that the air is warm and wet" - "Ivanov said.
However, he noted that weather conditions this year not quite the usual: "In winter there were severe frosts, and then came unexpectedly early spring. The weather was dry and sunny, but to enter the field of technology could not, because the ground was a lot of moisture, and therefore began to sow late. And just then rains have begun, so that finished late - somewhere in the twentieth of June ".
Ivanov also said that the main agricultural producers of culture grown in the region - is cereal and forage grasses. Kostroma planted 50,000 hectares of grain and about 30 thousand hectares of forage grasses - perennial and annual.
"Forecast, of course, still rough, but we still expect to get about 80 thousand tons of grain crops and 410,000 tons of food, "-" Ivanov said.
Deputy Minister of Agriculture of the Kaluga region Gennady Lutsenko told RIA Novosti that the region has no reason to rely on the federal government.
"By Compared with other regions of the situation in the plant until stable. There is a slight destruction of winter crops. spring while in its normal state, but of course, farmers are hoping that as soon as it starts to rain, "- said the spokesman.
The risk of death of the Ivanovo region of grain in the region in the moment, the chief of the Department of Agriculture and Food of the Ivanovo region, Dmitry Dmitriev.
"Within two weeks of torrential rain poured, and the stock soil moisture is sufficient. On some losses it will be possible only if the dry weather continues, "- said Dmitriev.